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The History of Greenhouse Gases and its Correlation to Colonialism

The biggest culprits of global warming are linked back to the Industrial revolution. A study by the US’ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) shows that there are five primary greenhouse gases that account for the 96% rise in global climate warming since 1750, the dawn of the Industrial Revolution:

  • Carbon dioxide (CO2)

  • Methane (CH4)

  • Nitrous oxide (N2O)

  • Chlorofluorocarbon-12

  • Hydrofluorocarbon-23

Several scientists believe that the Industrial age was a turning point to environmental degradation. This was caused by the greenhouse effect, emitted through factories, which ultimately encouraged global warming.



Imperialism during the industrial revolution


Between the years 1750-1840, the world transitioned to a new age of industrial advancements, particularly in Europe and the United States. During this time, transitions were not only made from agriculture-based to industrial-based economies, but also from old imperialism to new imperialism.


Historically, old imperialism refers to physical colonial endeavours with the goal of establishing settlements and colonies in foreign lands. In contrast, new imperialism focused on endeavours to obtain cheap resources, crops, or labor. Therefore, it is discernible that new imperialism was motivated and driven by the industrial revolution’s need to further develop manufacturing processes. In other words, the Industrial Revolution prompted nations’ to fulfil imperialistic desires. This was achieved through controlling the supply line of resources from other countries. Towards the end of the Industrial age, these industrialised states were also required to globally expand their markets. This was done by selling goods, services, and establishing monopolies in less-fortunate countries.




The debate on how colonialism impact