Ecofascism: What is it and What are its Implications?

What is Ecofascism?

Defined by an environmental historian, Michael E. Zimmerman, ecofascism is "a totalitarian government that requires individuals to sacrifice their interests to the well-being of the 'land', understood as the splendid web of life, or the organic whole of nature, including peoples and their states". In short, eco-fascism is the link between environmentalism and fascism.

Another understanding of what ecofascism is: the view that political entities ought to enforce restrictions on individual citizens’ or members’ fundamental rights to the extent that the exercise of those rights causes harm to the environment and its non-human content which make up the biotic community.

The Origins of Ecofascism

here are some ideological origins of ecofascism, which are:

  • Nazism

Written in Ecofascism: Lessons from the German Experience by Janet Biehl and Peter Staudenmaier, Nazi’s interest in ecology and their principal that they have a duty to take care of their land. The German Green Party, an environmental and anti-nuclear movements organisation, apparently was organized by one of a member from neo-nazi Socialist Reich Party.

  • The Collegium Humanum

An ecofascist organisation in Germany established in 1963 as a club when it was active in the German environmental movement. Then, it formed into a far-right political organisation in 1980’s until it was banned in 2008.